Dangerous goods

Dangerous goods

DANGEROUS CARGO:

Products or substances that are likely to pose a threat to health, safety, property or the environment and which are listed in the Dangerous cargo List in the Technical Instructions or are classified in accordance with these Instructions.


The threat to the health, safety of people and property can consist of the following factors of dangerous goods:
  • damage to people and property by a blast wave and fire;
  • damage to people by radioactive radiation, toxins (including combustion products) and disease-causing organisms;
  • contamination of property and area with radioactive substances;
  • ability to easily ignite and sustain combustion;
  • skin irritation and damage to property by corrosive substances.


Dangerous goods also include materials with strong magnetic effects, exceeding the parameters specified in the ICAO TI, causing distortion and errors in the operation of aircraft compasses.
Currently, there is an increase in the volume of traffic in the world cargo turnover of goods classified as dangerous. These dangerous goods are required to meet industrial, commercial, medical, research and development needs, etc.

Considering the advantages of air transport in the speed of delivery of goods and the possibility of transportation to hard-to-reach areas, a significant part of these dangerous goods is transported by air.

However, when transporting dangerous goods by air, there are risks of incidents and serious accidents affecting flight safety. The correct approach to the implementation of the principles related to safety in the transport of dangerous goods makes it possible to transport such dangerous goods safely.
INFORMATION FOR PASSENGERS

The operator must ensure that information on those types of dangerous goods that a passenger is prohibited from carrying on board an aircraft is provided at the point of purchase of air tickets or, if this is practically impossible, communicated to passengers in another way before check-in. Information transmitted over the Internet can be provided in the form of text or images, but this should be done in such a way that the purchase of an air ticket cannot be made until the passenger or a person acting on his behalf receives this information and indicates that he understands the restrictions on the carriage of dangerous goods in baggage.

The operator or the operator's baggage handling agent and the airport operator must ensure that notices warning passengers of the types of dangerous goods they are not allowed to carry on board are posted in sufficient numbers in conspicuous areas of the airport wherever air tickets are sold and passengers checked in. , as well as in the designated landing zones on the aircraft and in any other place where passengers are checked-in. These advertisements should include illustrative examples of dangerous goods prohibited from carriage on board aircraft.

An operator of passenger aircraft must, prior to the start of registration, post on its websites or other sources of information information on those dangerous goods that can be carried by passengers in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1.1.2, Part 8 of the ICAO TI.

In cases where the check-in process is carried out remotely (for example, via the Internet), the operator must ensure that passengers are provided with information about the types of dangerous goods that they are prohibited from carrying on board the aircraft. Information may be provided in the form of text or images, but this must be done in such a way that the check-in process cannot be completed until the passenger or a person acting on his behalf receives this information and indicates that he understands the restrictions on carriage dangerous goods in baggage.

In cases where the check-in process is carried out by a passenger at the airport without the participation of any other person (for example, using automated check-in facilities), the aircraft operator or airport operator must ensure that passengers are provided with information about the types of dangerous goods that they are prohibited from carried on board the aircraft. The information should be provided in the form of an image, and this should be done in such a way that the check-in process cannot be completed until the passenger receives this information and indicates that he understands the restrictions on the carriage of dangerous goods in baggage.

PASSENGER REGISTRATION PROCEDURE

The operator's passenger check-in personnel should be adequately trained to assist operators in identifying and identifying dangerous goods carried by passengers, other than those permitted for carriage in paragraph 1.1.2 of Part 8 of the ICAO TI.

In order to prevent dangerous goods prohibited for carriage from being carried on board an aircraft that are carried by passengers in their personal luggage or with them, the check-in personnel must require the passenger to confirm that he does not carry prohibited dangerous goods, as well as require confirmation of contents of any package when it is suspected that this place may contain dangerous goods prohibited for carriage. Many seemingly harmless locations can contain dangerous goods, and experience has shown that such locations are often covered by the list of generic descriptions in Part 7, Chapter 6, of the ICAO TI.

In order to prevent dangerous goods prohibited from carriage by passengers from entering the aircraft in excess baggage sent as cargo, any organization or enterprise that accepts excess baggage sent as cargo must require the passenger or a person acting from the passenger's name, confirmation that excess baggage does not contain dangerous goods prohibited for carriage, and also require confirmation of the contents of any item when it is suspected that this item may contain dangerous goods prohibited for carriage.
  • "Convention on International Civil Aviation" (Chicago). 1944 year.
  • Annex 18 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, “Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air” (Doc 9284 AN / 18).
  • ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284 - AN / 905).
  • “Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air - Supplement” (Doc 9284 - AN / 905-Suppiement)
  • Instructions on Emergency Procedures for Dangerous Goods Incidents on ICAO Aircraft (Doc 9481 - AN / 928).
  • The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On the use of the airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and aviation activities"
  • Rules for the carriage of dangerous goods by air on civil aircraft, approved by order of the Minister for Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated June 21, 2017 No. 371.
  • Certification requirements for operators of civil aircraft, approved by the order of the acting. Minister for Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated February 24, 2015 No. 153.
  • Rules of flight operations in civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, approved by order of the acting Minister for Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 28, 2017 No. 509.


 Recommendation:
  • IATA Dangerous Cargo Regulations
  • Transportation of dangerous goods by civil aircraft is not allowed, except for the cases specified in the Rules for the carriage of dangerous goods by air on civil aircraft and the Technical Instructions.
  • Civil aircraft are not allowed to transport dangerous goods specified in the Technical Instructions as prohibited for carriage by aircraft under normal conditions, and infected animals in the absence of an exemption or indication in the Technical Instructions about the possibility of transporting dangerous goods in accordance with the approval issued by the state of departure.
  • The carriage of dangerous goods by civil aircraft of any type specified in the Technical Instructions as prohibited by aircraft under any circumstances is not permitted.
  • Dangerous goods are not carried in the passenger cabin of an aircraft or in the cockpit of a civil aircraft, except in the circumstances provided for in the Technical Instructions.
  • A device for packing dangerous goods is not allowed to be loaded on board a civil aircraft until it is checked that there is no leakage or damage to the dangerous goods contained in it.
Unless otherwise specified in the ICAO TI, neither passengers nor crew members should transport dangerous goods, including excepted packages of radioactive material, either as carry-on or checked baggage, nor inside such baggage, or with them.

Unless otherwise specified in Item 30) of Table 8-1 ICAO TI, security devices such as attaché cases, cash boxes and bags, etc. containing dangerous goods such as lithium batteries or pyrotechnic substances are completely prohibited;

Personal medical oxygen devices that use liquid oxygen are not allowed to be carried either in the carry-on baggage of passengers or in checked baggage, or with you.

Electroshock weapons (e.g. teasers) containing dangerous goods such as explosives, compressed gases, lithium batteries, etc., are not permitted in carry-on or checked baggage, or on your person.

Regardless of any additional restrictions that may be imposed by States in the interests of aviation security, other than the provisions regarding the provision of information on incidents set out, as the case may be, in 4.4 or 4.5 of Part 7 of the ICAO TI, respectively, the provisions of the ICAO TI are not apply to dangerous goods specified in Table 8-1 of the ICAO TI when they are carried by passengers and crew members or in baggage that was separated from its owner during transit (for example, lost or mistakenly sent baggage), or in excess baggage carried in the quality of the cargo, as allowed in clause 1.1.5.1.
In order to prevent the loading of dangerous goods on an aircraft and the carrying by passengers on board of those dangerous goods that are not allowed to be carried in baggage (see Table 8-1), information on:
  1. general descriptions often used in relation to items that are carried as cargo or baggage of passengers and which may contain dangerous goods;
  2. other indications of the presence of dangerous goods (e.g. signs, markings), and
  3. dangerous goods that may be carried by passengers in accordance with Table 8-1 should be presented to personnel booking cargo seats, receiving cargo, booking passenger seats and checking in passengers, as appropriate.
  A list of such generic descriptions and types of dangerous goods that may be included in any item covered by these descriptions is given in Chapter 6 of Part 7 of the ICAO TI.
High-risk goods are goods that can be used for other purposes, but for terrorist purposes and, therefore, lead to serious consequences, such as numerous human losses, massive destruction or, especially in the case of class 7 goods, massive socio-economic shocks.   An approximate list of high-risk goods (especially dangerous goods), except for class 7:
  • Class 1, category 1.1: explosives.
  • Class 1, category 1.2: explosives.
  • Class 1, Division 1.3: Explosives in Compatibility Group C.
  • Class 1, Category 1.4: UN numbers 0104, 0237, 0255, 0267, 0289, 0361, 0365, 0366, 0440, 0441, 0455, 0456 and 0500.
  • Class 1, category 1.5: explosives.
  • Category 2.3: toxic gases (excluding aerosols).
  • Class 3: desensitized explosives.
  • Category 4.1: desensitized explosives.
  • Division 6.1: Packing group 1 substances, except when carried in accordance with the provisions for dangerous goods in excepted quantities in Part 3, Chapter 5.
  • Category 6.2: Category A infectious substances (UN number 2814 and UN number 2900).
  Operators, shippers and other parties (including infrastructure managers) involved in the transport of hazardous goods must adopt, implement and implement aviation security programs.   The aviation security program should include at least the following elements:
  1. specific distribution of responsibilities for aviation security among persons with the appropriate competence, qualifications and authority;
  2. records of dangerous goods transported or types of dangerous goods;
  3. analysis of current operations and assessment of vulnerabilities, including transshipment from one mode of transport to another, temporary storage of goods in transit, handling and distribution of goods, as appropriate;
  4. a clear statement of the measures to be taken, including the main objectives and principles of training (including procedures for dealing with heightened hazards, screening of new recruits / screening upon hiring, etc.), operational practices (e.g. access to dangerous goods, in temporary storage, the proximity of vulnerable infrastructure facilities, etc.), equipment and resources that must be used to reduce the security threat;
  5. effective and up-to-date methods of reporting and remediation of security threats, security breaches or security incidents;
  6. methods for evaluating and testing aviation security programs, and methods for periodically reviewing and updating these programs;
  7. measures to ensure the protection of the transport information contained in the program,
  8. measures to ensure that the dissemination of transport information is as limited as possible. (Such measures should not prevent the submission of documents of carriage in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 4, Part 5 of the Instructions.)
Where specifically provided for in the Technical Instructions, the States concerned may grant approval, provided that in such cases an overall level of transport safety is ensured that is equivalent to that provided for in the Technical Instructions.  Approval is a permit granted by the appropriate national authority for:
  1. the carriage of dangerous goods prohibited from carriage on passenger and / or cargo aircraft, when the Technical Instructions indicate that such goods may be carried subject to approval, or
  2. other purposes specified in the Technical Instructions.
 For the purpose of granting approvals, the “States concerned” are the States of origin and the operator, unless otherwise specified in the Instructions.  The required documents must be submitted by the operator to the authorized organization by e-mail frontoffice@caakz.com no later than 5 working days before the expected date of transportation
High-risk goods are goods that can be used for other purposes, but for terrorist purposes and, therefore, lead to serious consequences, such as numerous human losses, massive destruction or, especially in the case of class 7 goods, massive socio-economic shocks.   An approximate list of high-risk goods (especially dangerous goods), except for class 7:
  • Class 1, category 1.1: explosives.
  • Class 1, category 1.2: explosives.
  • Class 1, Division 1.3: Explosives in Compatibility Group C.
  • Class 1, Category 1.4: UN numbers 0104, 0237, 0255, 0267, 0289, 0361, 0365, 0366, 0440, 0441, 0455, 0456 and 0500.
  • Class 1, category 1.5: explosives.
  • Category 2.3: toxic gases (excluding aerosols).
  • Class 3: desensitized explosives.
  • Category 4.1: desensitized explosives.
  • Division 6.1: Packing group 1 substances, except when carried in accordance with the provisions for dangerous goods in excepted quantities in Part 3, Chapter 5.
  • Category 6.2: Category A infectious substances (UN number 2814 and UN number 2900).
  Operators, shippers and other parties (including infrastructure managers) involved in the transport of hazardous goods must adopt, implement and implement aviation security programs.   The aviation security program should include at least the following elements:
  1. specific distribution of responsibilities for aviation security among persons with the appropriate competence, qualifications and authority;
  2. records of dangerous goods transported or types of dangerous goods;
  3. analysis of current operations and assessment of vulnerabilities, including transshipment from one mode of transport to another, temporary storage of goods in transit, handling and distribution of goods, as appropriate;
  4. a clear statement of the measures to be taken, including the main objectives and principles of training (including procedures for dealing with heightened hazards, screening of new recruits / screening upon hiring, etc.), operational practices (e.g. access to dangerous goods, in temporary storage, the proximity of vulnerable infrastructure facilities, etc.), equipment and resources that must be used to reduce the security threat;
  5. effective and up-to-date methods of reporting and remediation of security threats, security breaches or security incidents;
  6. methods for evaluating and testing aviation security programs, and methods for periodically reviewing and updating these programs;
  7. measures to ensure the protection of the transport information contained in the program,
  8. measures to ensure that the dissemination of transport information is as limited as possible. (Such measures should not prevent the submission of documents of carriage in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 4, Part 5 of the Instructions.)
Aviation Administration of Kazakhstan JSC The Republic of Kazakhstan 010000, Nur-Sultan 55/15 Mangilik Yel Ave., Block C 2.3 Tel: +7 (7172) 613201 Web: http: //caakz.com E-mail: frontoffice@caakz.com